Capital city: Kampala
Other cities: None
Language: English, Luganda and Kiswahili
Currency: Uganda Shillings (Ugsh)
Population: Over 36,350,000 people by 2012
Airports: Entebbe International Airport (Kampala)
Bordering countries: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Congo, Sudan

Uganda popularly referred to as the ‘‘Pearl of Africa / Switzerland of Africa’’, is landlocked country sitting on the equator and the larger part being in the Albertine Rift Valley. It is a destination that suffered from insecurity and in the recent past the future is bright and is one of the emerging destinations across East Africa. It is a leading destination for primates and more so the only surviving mountain gorillas and some rare primate species. Apart from the primates, it boasts of a real wilderness with unspoilt attractions for those discerning travellers.

Bwindi National Park

Bwindi Forest

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park earns its name from from the local dilect meaning ‘’thick forest’’. It is a home to almost half of the surviving endangered Mountain gorillas something that has accorded Bwindi the World Heritage Site status.

The Park is located to the south western of Uganda in the Albertine Rift bordering Congo and Rwanda with the gorillas being a shared resource among the three (3) countries.

The vegetation cover here is typical of a huge primeval forest in the Virunga Mountain and one of Uganda's oldest and most biologically diverse rainforests.

The gorilla are habituated and currently spread in nine (9) habituated groups over the steep ridges and valleys for tourism and research purposes.

Each group is headed by a mature male gorilla called Silverback. Other wildlife include more primates (black and white colobus, red colobus and blue monkeys, grey-cheeked mangabey, the endemic L'Hoest's monkey, baboons, chimpanzees), elephants, giant forest hogs, small antelopes and over 350 bird species

 

 

Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison FallsMurchison Falls National Park earns its name from Murchison falls where the Nile River waters squeezes through an 8m wide gorge before plunging 45m over the remnant rift valley wall into the pool.  The pool attracts abundant wildlifeespecially in the afternoon hours as they come to quench their thirst and cool the heat of the day affording an easy game viewing opportunity. It is among the first protected area to be established in Uganda.

The park lies to the north of the Albertine Rift Valley and dissected into two (2) by the Rive Nile.

The vegetation cover is typical of palm dotted savanna plains, acacia trees and riverine woodland to the north while the south is characterized by purely woodland and forest patches.

Wildlife here include 76 mammals (elephants, buffaloes, lion, leopard, hippos, giraffe, oribi, Jackson’s hartebeest, bushbucks, Uganda kob, waterbucks and warthogs), primates (over 800 chimpanzees, blue and red-tailed monkeys and black-and-white colobus), over 451 bird species (endangered shoebillstork, goliath heron, squacco heron, African Jacana, blue-headed coucal, swamp flycatcher, sandpipers, denham’s bustard, giant and malachite kingfishers, red-throated bee-eater, Abyssinian ground-hornbill, black-billed barbet, black-headedg, Eastern grey plantain-eater, piapiac, silverbird, pied, white-browed sparrow & speckle-fronted weaver, African quail-finch).

Queen Elizabeth National Park

Queen Elizabeth National Park is the largest and oldest of Uganda’s protected area initially called Kazinga National Park. This was renamed in 1954 in commemoration of the visit to this park by Queen Elizabeth II. The park sits on the equator and in the Albertine Rift Valley in the back drop of Mount Rwenzori.  Its vegetation cover is diverse ranging from grassland savanna, dotted humid forests, numerous crater lakes and wetlands. This explains the reason as to why is also boasts of abundant wild animals. Major highlights include abundant game, numerous crater lakes, the Kazinga channel, Lake Edward, Kyambura gorge for chimpanzee tracking, Maramagambo forest for the monkey species and Ishasha sector known for the tree climbing lions and Uganda kobs. Wildlife include over 95 mammals (elephants, leopard, topi, warthogs, buffalo, rare aquatic sitatunga antelope, hippos, giant forest hog, horned waterbuck), over 600 bird species

Kibale National Park

Kibale National Park is located to the North of Mount Rwenzori and usually a perfect stopover for client connecting from Murchison Falls to Queen Elizabeth. The park has varied altitudes a reason for the habitats that range from wettropical forest on the Fort Portal plateauto woodland, marshes and swamp and patches of savanna grassland on the rift valley floor. Kibale is a home to over 500 chimpanzee with some chimpanzees habituated for tourism purposes. Apart from the chimps there are over 13 species of primates (red colobus and the rare I’Hoest’s monkey. Other primates include the black-and-white colobus, red-tailed and blue monkeys, grey-cheeked mangabey, olive baboon, bush baby and potto), 70 mammals (wild pigs, elephants, buffalos, leopards, warthogs, bush pigs, golden cats, duikers), over 250 butterfly species, over 375 bird species can be spotted in Kibale